1880 Census

Quick Links (details below)

1880 Population Schedule: FamilySearch (Images 147-304) – Ancestry

1880 Mortality Schedule: FamilySearchAncestry

1880 Non-Population Schedules: I have yet to find any online. I will update this page if I find any.

Population Schedule: What’s included:

  • Number of dwelling home, in order of visitation by the enumerator
  • Number of family, in order of visitation by the enumerator
  • Name of each Person whose place of abode, on 1st day of June, 1880, was in this family
  • Color – White, W.; Black, B.; Mulatto, Mu.; Chinese, C.; Indian, I.
  • Sex – Male, M.; Female, F.
  • Age at last birthday prior to June 1, 1880. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus: 3/12
  • If born within the Census year, give the month
  • Relationship of each person to the head of this family – whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other
  • Single/Married/Widowed/Divorced
  • Married within the census year
  • Profession, occupation, or trade of each person, male or female
  • Number of months the person had been unemployed within the Census year
  • If the person [on the day of the Enumerator’s visit] sick or temporarily disabled, so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties? If so, what is the sickness or disability?
  • Blind/Deaf and Dumb/Idiotic/Insane/Maimed, Crippled, Bedridden, or otherwise disabled
  • Attended school within the Census year/Cannot read/Cannot write
  • Place of Birth of this person, naming State or Territory of United States, or the Country, if of foreign birth
  • Place of Birth of the Father of this person, naming State or Territory of United States, or the Country, if of foreign birth
  • Place of Birth of the Mother of this person, naming State or Territory of United States, or the Country, if of foreign birth

My Notes

  • Pages are labeled with A, B, C, or D with a stamped page number on every other page. Ex: 471A, 471B, 472C, 472D
  • I’ve also included the handwritten page numbers because in the days before finding these images on the internet, I would write in my notes “ED 103, sheet 4” to help me find it again on the microfilm reel if I ever needed to. I’m willing to bet that some of you have notes like that as well.
  • I thought it was interesting to note how long it took the enumerator to finish a district – in many cases around 30 days. Your ancestor may very well have moved during those 30 days meaning they don’t appear or may appear twice.
  • It appears that a person other than the enumerator has written notes on some of the pages. In that case, I have “Handwritten note”. Notes written by the enumerator (usually about the location) is included after the name of the district.
  • Instructions at the top of each sheet
    • Note A – The Census Year begins June 1, 1879, and ends May 31, 1880.
    • Note B – All persons will be included in the Enumeration who were living on the 1st day of June, 1880. No others will. Children BORN SINCE June 1, 1880, will be OMITTED. Members of Families who have DIED SINCE June 1, 1880, will be INCLUDED.
    • Note C – Questions Nos. 13, 14 (each abt occupation), 22 and 23 (cannot read/write) are not to be asked in respect to persons under 10 years of age.

Where to find it:

  • Internet Archive – Yay! It’s free! Plus, you can download a PDF or ePub file! Link
    • Note that the downloaded file contains more than Russell County and it takes a while to download.
    • After downloading, if I would try to jump to a certain page, the program would momentarily show “not responding” and I’m assuming that’s due to the file size. (About 390 MB)
    • You will see page or image numbers at the bottom of the screen. Russell County begins with image 144
    • This copy is not as easy to read as FamilySearch version. It is slightly fuzzy.
  • FamilySearch – Yay! It’s free!
    • This version looks cleaner than the Internet Archive version.
    • There are 2 ways to look at these images. You can just look at the images as if you were scrolling through the microfilm or you can view them as a break down of Russell County by Enumeration District. If you are looking at the break down images, you need to know which ED to look at in order to access the pages. Because I found the 2nd way to be so confusing, I thought about leaving that way out. But perhaps there’s some reason that I’m not thinking of as to why you’d want them broken down that way.
      • I’m editing this post to move those “confusing” links to the very bottom of the post. Look for them there, if you are interested.
    • FamilySearch does include a search page in case you don’t know which Enumeration District your ancestor was in. Link
    • If you click on the “Image Index” tab at the bottom of the screen, you can see a transcription for each name on the page. This can come in especially handy when the ink was light!
  • Ancestry – darn, not free…BUT, I’m including it because it makes it easier to attach a file to  your tree, if you have one. Also, compared to the other websites, I love being able to use the “filmstrip” along the bottom of the screen to go page by page or to jump ahead several pages. There is also a search page. Link
    • At the bottom of the screen, next to where it is showing you the page that you’re on, there is an icon of 2 people with 3 lines next to their heads. Click on this to see Ancestry’s transcription of the names on the page.

Links:

  • Search page
    • FamilySearch – Link
    • Ancestry – Link
  • Jamestown Pct. #1 – ED 98
    • June 1-24, George W. Williams
    • 29 pages – 471A-485D (Page 1-29)
    • Link – Image 147-176
    • Ancestry Link
  • Creelsboro Pct #2 – ED 99
    • The first page is the Town of Creelsboro. Remaining pages are not labeled that way.
    • June 1-22, B. Holt
    • 29 pages – 486A -500A (Page 1-29)
    • Link – Image 177-205
    • Ancestry Link – After the first 2 pages, there is a title page to separate it from the next section.
  • Rowena – ED 100
    • June 1-19, JM Smith
    • 19 pages – 501A-510C (Page 1-19)
    • Handwritten note – “Rowena Pct No 3 all through”
    • Link – Image 207-225
    • Ancestry Link
  • Rice Wilsons – ED 101
    • June 1-2, John F Popplewell
    • 1 page – 511A (Page 1)
    • Handwritten note – “Mag. Dist. No 4 all through”. I don’t know why FamilySearch would separate this page from the rest. There is a family at the bottom of the sheet that is continued on the next page. It is also separated on Ancestry.
    • Link – Image 227
    • Ancestry Link
  • Magisterial District 4 – ED 101
    • June 3-28, John F Popplewell
    • 21 pages – 511B-521A (Page 2-22)
    • Link – Image 228 -247
    • Ancestry Link
  • Precinct 5 Lucas Mill “The Webb or fifth voting precinct”– ED 102
    • June 1-19, William Grime
    • 20 pages – 522A-531D (Page 1-20)
    • Link – Image 249-268
    • Ancestry Link
  • Precinct 1 Jamestown – ED 103
    • June 1-26, H.H. Nelson
    • 36 pages – 532A-549D (Page 1-36)
    • Handwritten note: “This whole schedule includes part of Precinct No. 1”
    • Link – Image 269-304
    • Ancestry Link

1880 Census Mortality Schedule

What’s included:

  • Number of the family as given in column number 2 – Schedule 1
    • This is an item often overlooked! You can see which family in the regular census reported the death of the specific person.
  • Name of the person deceased
  • Age at last birthday. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus – 3/12. If under 1 month, give days in fractions, thus – 3/30
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Single/Married/Widowed or Divorced
  • Place of birth of this person, naming the State or Territory of the U.S., or the country, if of foreign birth.
  • Where was the Father of this person born? (As in Column 9.)
  • Where was the Mother of this person born? (As in Column 9.)
  • Profession, Occupation or Trade. (Not to be asked in respect to persons under 10 years of age.)
  • The month in which the person died.
  • Disease or cause of death.
  • How long a resident of the county? If less than 1 year, state months in fractions, thus – 3/12.
  • If the disease was not contracted at place of death, state the place.
  • Name of attending Physician
    • FamilySearch Link – Images 246-252
      • There is a back side to each of these pages in which physicians were supposed to confirm the cause of death for the individuals on the front side. Part of the instructions state, “The enumerator should endeavor to see in person every physician residing in or near his enumeration district, who is named in this Schedule as the physician attending at death, and courteously invite him to inspect the entries in regard to the cause of death in his cases, and to verify or restate them as the facts may demand.” Russell County only has physician confirmations on 1 sheet (image 251) but don’t assume that is the last page of the mortality schedule. The back sides are not included on the Ancestry pages.
    • Ancestry Link
      • 6 pages – each a different Enumeration District (98 – 103)
    • Note – the last page for Russell County contains entries from “P.R” instead of a family number. “P.R.” stands for Physician’s Returns.

Enumeration District Map information

  • (I would love to have more information on these locations. If anyone knows of better resources, please leave me a comment!)
  • This information is copied from Ancestry, but want to know where they got it from? Check it out.
    • ED 98 – Beginning with the old Jamestown and Columbia road from the Adair County line to Jamestown thence to the Rowena Lilly Creek at Cooks Mill down the Creek to the Cumberland river up the river to the Wayne County line, thence with the Wayne County line to the division line between the Voting Precinct Nos 1 and 3 thence with the line of Voting Precinct No 1 to the Adair County line, thence with said line to beginning.
    • ED 99 – The Cralbaro Voting Precinct Boundary lines well defined.
    • ED 100 – The Rowena Voting Precinct Boundary lines well defined.
    • ED 101 – The Wolfe Creek Voting Precinct Boundary lines well defined.
    • ED 102 – The Webb or 5th Voting Precinct Boundary lines well defined.
    • ED 103 – Beginning in the Adair County line at the crossing of the Jamestown and Columbia road and with the road to Jamestown with the line of Precinct No 1, by Cooks Mill and the Rowena Lilly Creek to Cumberland river, thence up to the division line between Voting Precincts no 1 and 4, thence with the line of Voting Precicnt No 1, to the Adair County line, and with said line to the beginning.

Additional FamilySearch Links

(Confusing to me why you’d want to break them down the way FS did.)

  • Jamestown Pct. #1 – ED 98
    • June 1-24, George W. Williams
    • 29 pages – 471A-485C (Page 1-29)
    • Link
  • Creelsboro (town of) – ED 99
    • June 1-2, B. Holt
    • 2 pages – 486A-B (Page 1-2)
    • Link – Page 2 is the same as page 1 below
  • Creelsboro Pct #2 – ED 99
    • June 2-22, B. Holt
    • 28 pages – 486B -500A (Page 2-29)
    • Link – See “Creelsboro (town of)” for page 1
  • Rowena – ED 100
    • June 1-19, JM Smith
    • 19 pages – 501A-510C (Page 1-19)
    • Handwritten note – “Rowena Pct No 3 all through”
    • Link
  • Rice Wilsons – ED 101
    • June 1-2, John F Popplewell
    • 1 page – 511A (Page 1)
    • Handwritten note – “Mag. Dist. No 4 all through”. I don’t know why FamilySearch would separate this page from the rest. There is a family at the bottom of the sheet that is continued on the next page.
    • Link
  • Magisterial District 4 – ED 101
    • June 3-28, John F Popplewell
    • 21 pages – 511B-521A (Page 2-22)
    • Link
  • Precinct 5 Lucas Mill “The Webb or fifth voting precinct”– ED 102
    • June 1-19, William Grime
    • 19 pages – 522A-531C – (Page 1-20)
    • Link – See “Jamestown – The Webb….” For page 2, sheet 522B
  • Jamestown “The Webb or fifth voting precinct” – ED 102
    • June 2 – William Grime
    • 1 page – 522B
    • Link – This is page 2 of the “Precinct 5 Lucas Mill” sheets
  • Precinct 1 Jamestown – ED 103
    • June 1-26, H.H. Nelson
    • 35 pages – 532A-549D
    • Handwritten note: “This whole schedule includes part of Precinct No. 1”
    • Link – (549C missing) (Page 1-36 page 35 missing) – See Jamestown link below
  • Jamestown – ED 103
    • June 26 – H.H. Nelson
    • 1 page – 549C (Page 35)
    • Link
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